Zones are a way of intelligently organizing design elements in an environment so aqs to maximize the ease and effectiveness of each area by arranging them based on the frequency of human use and plant or animal needs. The point of permaculture zoning is to group similar things together, or to place the things that … More ZONES


All worms eat rotting, organic matter. In the process, they aerate and cycle nutrients and minerals, digesting them with their bacteria, and turning them into castings, producing a great fertilizer. This makes the nutrients easier for plants to process by converting them into a more soluble form. Worm farms are convenient for producing a substitute … More WORM FARM


A Wicking Bed, or Sub-Irrigated Raised Bed, is an extremely versatile, effective, and water-efficient food production system. You can build your own with a modest amount of carpentry skills in less than a day, and when finished will be a long-term investment, lasting for many years. Their greatest benefits are that they are self-sustaining, self-regulating, … More WICKING BEDS


Vertical Farming is the practice of raising crops in vertical stacks without needing natural soil or sunlight. This can be made within high-tech, huge, multi-story, industrial sized buildings that use either artificial or natural light to grow and raise plants and animals. Or, they can be made using low-tech, do-it-yourself devices, and placed inside of … More VERTICAL FARMING


A swale is a long, shallow dug-out trench, running level along the contour of a slope, with an adjacent berm on the downhill side. The “berm” is a soft mound made of loosely piled, non-compacted soil which acts as a retaining wall. On contour means following the progressive decrease in the height of the land … More SWALES


Raised Garden Beds are cheap, easy, and sustainable. They can be done in almost any yard, of any size, and make a productive replacement for expensive, non-productive grass lawns. They are beautiful, reduce noise, and provide shelter from the wind and sun. In addition, they also keep weeds from growing in your soil, prevent compaction, provide … More RAISED GARDEN BEDS


Rainwater catchment systems consist of three elements: the storage facility, usually made from tanks or barrels; the collection area, typically the roof of a house; and the transportation system, in the form of either some plain household gutters, or another kind of water-conveyance systems. Collecting rainwater is useful because you can harvest it for use … More RAINWATER COLLECTION


Keyhole gardens are commonly seen in permaculture because they are beautiful and productive, ideal for small spaces, and can accommodate a variety of plants, annual vegetables, herbs, and flowers. The garden is constructed from low-cost, recycled, reusable, and locally-available materials, and uses a number of layers to nourish the soil, making it more productive. An … More KEYHOLE GARDENS


The word Hugelkultur (pronounced HOO-gul-culture) is taken from the German word for “hill” or “mound,” and means “hill culture.” It is a centuries-old composting method that has been developed and practiced by many permaculture proponents as a way of making raised garden beds filled with rotting wood, mulch, and compost. Hugelkultur beds can be used … More HUGELKUTUR